Actions Against the Police > Discrimination & Human Rights Act Claims

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Despite equality legislation existing, discrimination by the state and other organisations happens far too regularly. 

If you require trusted advice from one of our experts please get in touch, a member of our team will be happy to talk.


The law of discrimination is complex and constantly evolving. Our specialist team of Discrimination Lawyers have the expertise and passion to help you. They are committed to fighting against discrimination wherever it exists.

We deal with both police complaints and claims. We have found that often these types of claims involve racial profiling in stop and search and/or individuals being unlawfully detained without reasonable cause.

We have particular skills and experience in dealing with the unique problems faced by victims of discrimination. We are sensitive to the unique circumstances faced by every one of our clients. We believe that every individual has the right to equal treatment regardless of such personal characteristics.

We can represent you in a claim for discrimination on any of the following grounds:

  • Age
  • Sex and related grounds (including discrimination on the basis of gender reassignment)
  • Disability
  • Race (including colour, nationality and ethnic or national origins)
  • Sexual orientation
  • Religion and belief
  • Gender reassignment
  • Marriage and civil partnership
  • Pregnancy and maternity

These are otherwise known as the protected characteristics.

If you have been subject to discrimination, please contact our specialist team.

Time Limits

A person must bring a claim under the Act in the county courts within 6 months of the alleged unlawful act taking place. This is called the Limitation Period and the courts tend to apply it strictly, meaning that you must act quickly. 

Generally speaking, if a person wants to make a claim after that period it is at the court’s discretion whether it grants permission to allow this. The test applied by the court is what is “just and equitable” in the circumstances.

The exception to this rule is for claims which have been referred to a student complaints scheme within 6 months or to the Equality and Human Rights Commission for resolution.  In these instances, the time limit for bringing a claim is increased to 9 months.


We can offer legal aid, conditional fee agreement, deferred fee funding and private funding arrangements.

Our highly experienced solicitors can provide you with the help and advice you need. To seek advice from our specialist team please contact one of our experienced team members by clicking here.

We also offer advice in respect of discrimination in the workplace.

Human Rights Act Claims

If there has been a breach of duty on behalf of the state, and that breach is shown to have caused injury or death, this will usually be dealt with by means of a negligence claim. In claims of this nature, the breach will be addressed and more often than not, compensation will be recovered for the injured party or their dependants and personal representatives.

The circumstances of the case may also give rise to a claim under the Human Rights Act 1998. If this is found to be the case, these claims can be pursued simultaneously. 

The Human Rights Act was created to protect a person’s basic rights. This was for things such as the right not to be subjected to torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

We regularly represent individuals in claims for negligence that also involve breaches of one or more of the articles under the Human Rights Act, such as:

  • Article 2: everyone has a right to life;
  • Article 3: not to be subjected to torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;
  • Article 5: everyone has the right to liberty and security of person; or
  • Article 8: everyone has the right to respect for their private and family life

Strict criteria must be met to establish whether there has been a breach of one of the articles under the Act. The threshold is usually very high for proving a claim under any of the articles. As such they usually run alongside a negligence claim.

Taylor Rose MW Solicitor Services in Commercial, Employment, Property and Family Law.

Our team are experts at accessing whether you have a claim


Article 2 - Everyone has a right to life

Examples of instances where Article 2 may have been breached are:

  • Police failing to seek medical assistance for an individual who is being held in police custody and the individual dies as a result.
  • Abuse and neglect of a resident resulting in death in a state funded care home.
  • A prison failing to safeguard a prisoner’s welfare, for example, if they are known to be suicidal.

In order to prove that there has been a breach of Article 2, there must a sufficient degree of control of welfare by the state/private organisation over the injured person. This control must also provide a public function.

It will also need to be proven that the harm suffered was caused by the failings of the institution as a whole rather than by one individual within that institution.

Public bodies, or private bodies exercising a public function, have a duty to preserve life. Any failure to do so is a breach of Article 2 of European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) and a claim for compensation can be pursued as a result. Our team have experience in dealing with such claims.

Article 3 - Not to be subjected to torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

Article 3 protects you if you have suffered ill-treatment which is deemed very severe. The circumstances of your case will determine whether something is severe enough to be a breach of article 3.

Examples of instances where Article 3 may have been breached include:

  • Inhumane detention conditions which, for example can be, in a police cell, mental health hospital or in prison.
  • Use of excessive force on detainees or patients.
  • Serious neglect within a care home or hospital.

Article 5 - Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person

You may have a claim under Article 5 of the act if your liberty or freedom has been infringed by a public authority. Situations which may give rise to a claim under article 5 include:

  • If you are detained in a hospital or a care home and the correct procedure has not been followed. 
  • If you are in prison or police custody for longer than you should have been, by law.

Our team are extremely passionate and have a wealth of experience dealing with all types of claims under the Human Rights Act. They will do all that they can in order to hold the state accountable and seek recompense wherever possible.

To learn more about claims under the Human Rights Act and how our team can assist you, please get in touch.

If you think you might be entitled to compensation, please get in touch. We'll be happy to have a quick chat about your case free of charge.

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